Mathematical Bias and the Biblical Calendar
(Revised 2015)

By: Shawn Richardson

Section 16:


1. "Holy Bible," New King James Version, http://www.biblestudytools.com/nkj/
2. "Holy Bible," Young's Literal Translation, http://www.biblestudytools.com/ylt/
3. "Dictionary for King James Bible," Strong's, http://www.htmlbible.com/sacrednamebiblecom/kjvstrongs/
4. "Concordance with Hebrew and Greek Lexicon," Strong's, http://www.eliyah.com/lexicon.html
5. "Babylonian Talmud," Baba Mezia 59b, http://www.come-and-hear.com/babamezia/babamezia_59.html
6. "The Calendar of Christ and the Apostles," Carl Franklin - Christian Biblical Church of God, http://www.cbcg.org/franklin/cal_of_christ_part1_revised.pdf
7. "Committee Concerning the Fixing of the Calendar," Volunteers for the Sanhedrin Initiative Online, http://www.thesanhedrin.org/en/index.php/Category:Committee_concerning_the_fixing_of_the_Calendar
8. "Crescent Moon Visibility and the Islamic Calendar," US Naval Observatory, http://www.usno.navy.mil/USNO/astronomical-applications/astronomical-information-center/cres-moon-islamic
9. "Encyclopaedia Judaica," Vol. 12, p. 1039
10. "Examination of Mr. Armstrong's 1940 Good News Letter," from How to Figure the Passover, Bill Bratt http://www.zoomnet.net/~bbratt/hwa-pass.html
11. "First Council of Nicaea," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Council_of_Nicaea
12. "God's Sacred Calendar 1986-1987," Herbert W. Armstrong - Worldwide Church of God, p. 2
13. "Barnes New Testament Notes," from The Gospel According To Luke, http://www.ccel.org/ccel/barnes/ntnotes.vi.vi.i.html
14. "The Great Creator's Calendar Debate," Glenn McWilliams - Torah Keepers - http://www.aroodawakening.tv/calendar/calendar_debate.php
15. "Growth and Development Guide for Spring," P.M. Anderson, E.A. Oelke, and S.R. Simmons - University of Minnesota, http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/Cropsystems/DC2548.html
16. "Accuracy," from Hebrew Calendar, AllExperts Encyclopedia, http://en.allexperts.com/e/h/he/hebrew_calendar.htm
17. "Hebrew Calendar (Second Temple)," Wikia Encyclopedia, http://calendars.wikia.com/wiki/Hebrew_calendar
18. "The Hebrew Calendar," John Ogwyn - Living Church of God, http://www.cogwriter.com/hebrew-calendar-postponements.htm
19. "The Hebrew Calendar Doctrinal Paper," United Church of God, http://www.ucg.org/papers/hebcal.pdf
20. Richards, E. G. (1988), "Mapping Time: The Calendar and Its History". Oxford University Press. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-19-286205-1, https://archive.org/details/mappingtimecalen00rich
21. "Hilal," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilal_%28god%29
22. "Hillel II," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillel_II
23. "Hoshana Rabbah," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoshana_Rabbah
24. "Islamic Calendar," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_calendar
25. "Jewish Calendar," Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/calendar.htm
26. "The Jewish Calendar," Kelley L. Ross, Ph.D., http://www.friesian.com/calendar.htm#jewish
27. "Karaite History," Karaite Korner, http://www.karaite-korner.org/history.shtml
28. "The Last Great Day," from Bible Study Course Lesson 12 - God's Festivals: Keys to Humanity's Future, United Church of God, http://www.ucg.org/bsc/12/lastgreatday.htm
29. "Month," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Month
30. "New Moon," Jewish Encyclopedia, http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=240&letter=N
31. "New Moon," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_moon
32. "Rambam and the Seasons," Dr. Irv Bromberg - University of Toronoto, http://www.sym454.org/hebrew/rambam.htm
33. "'Rectifying' the Hebrew Calendar," Wapedia Encyclopedia, http://wapedia.mobi/en/Hebrew_calendar?t=6" target="_blank" class="bluelink">http://wapedia.mobi/en/Hebrew_calendar?t=6
34. "The Re-established Jewish Sanhedrin," TheSanhedrin.org, http://www.thesanhedrin.org/en/index.php/The_Re-established_Jewish_Sanhedrin
35. "Rosh Chodesh," Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/chodesh.htm
36. "Rosh Chodesh," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosh_Chodesh
37. "Rosh Hashanah - New Year," Encyclopedia of Judaism, http://www.answers.com/topic/rosh-hashanah
38. "Rosh Hashanah," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosh_Hashanah
39. "Secular vs. Religious New Year," N.S. Gill, http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/numeralscalendar/a/aa032001a_2.htm
40. "Simchat Beit HaShoeivah," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simchat_Beit_HaShoeivah
41. "Summary of Hebrew Calendar Doctrinal Paper," United Church of God, http://www.ucg.org/papers/hebcal_summary.pdf
42. "Tammuz (Deity)," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tammuz_%28deity%29
43. "Why Do We Use the Hebrew Calendar?," Ronald L. Dart - Born to Win Ministries, http://www.borntowin.net/newsite/LearningCenter/DisplayTemplate.aspx?who=e&id=64
44. "Comprehensive Hebrew Calendar (revised)," Arthur Spier, p. 1, View on Amazon.com
45. "FIG Fruit Facts," California Rare Fruit Growers, http://www.crfg.org/pubs/ff/fig.html
46. "Shavuot," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shavuot
47. "Gregorian Reform of the Calendar: Proceedings of the Vatican Conference to Commemorate its 400th Anniversary," 1582-1992, ed., G. V. Coyne, M. A. Hoskin and O. Pedersen, http://galileo.rice.edu/chron/gregorian.html
48. "Pharisees," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharisees
49. "A Hebrew Gospel of Matthew," Dr. James D. Tabor, http://religiousstudies.uncc.edu/people/jtabor/shemtovweb.html
50. "The Hebrew Yeshua vs. the Greek Jesus - New Light on the Seat of Moses from Shem-Tov's Hebrew Matthew," Nehemia Gordon, Hilkiah Press 2005, pp. 47-48
51. "Hoshanah Rabbah," Encyclopedia of Judaism, http://www.answers.com/topic/hoshana-rabbah
52. "Did God Give a Calendar?," Leon Walker - United Church of God, http://www.ucg.org/holidays-and-holy-days/did-god-give-calendar
53. "Ba'al," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baal
54. "Adonis," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adonis
55. "Allah," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allah
56. "Shulchan Aruch," Orach Chayim 2:4
57. "Domestication of Plants in the Old World," Daniel Zohary, Mar�Hopf, http://books.google.com/books?id=C1H6_XWJS_gC&pg=PA59&vq=barley&dq=Domestication+of+Plants+in+the+Old+World:+The+Origin+and+Spread+of+Cultivated+Plants+in+West+Asia,+Europe,+and+the+Nile+Valley&hl=en#v=onepage&q=barley&f=false
58. The Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition, HarperCollins Publishers, 2005, http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/New+Moon
59. "Holy Bible," American Standard Version, http://www.biblestudytools.com/asv/
60. Orthodox Jewish Bible, https://www.bible.com/bible/130/psa.81.ojb
61. Abib FAQ, Karaite Korner, http://www.karaite-korner.org/abib_faq.shtml
62. Abib (Barley), Karaite Korner, http://www.karaite-korner.org/abib.shtml
63. Domestication of Plants in the Old World: The Origin and Spread of Cultivated Plants in West Asia, Europe, and the Nile Valley (3rd ed.), Zohary, Daniel; Maria Hopf (2000), Oxford University Press. pp. 59-69. ISBN 0-19-850357-1
64. On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the Kitchen, McGee, Harold (1986). Unwin. ISBN 0-04-440277-5
65.OMER, Jewish Encyclopedia. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/11699-omer
66.Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.), Oxford University Press. September 2005. http://oed.com/search?searchType=dictionary&q=new+moon
67.Hebrew Language: Root Words, Judaism 101. http://www.jewfaq.org/root.htm
68."12-hour Clock," Wikipedia Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/12-hour_clock
69.Hebrew Roots and Patterns, Virtual ULPlan, http://www.ulpan.net/hebrew-roots-and-patterns
70.Tigay, Jeffery H. (1998). "Shavua". Mo'adei Yisra'el: Time and Holy Days in the Biblical and Second Commonwealth Periods (Heb.), ed. Jacob S. Licht: pp. 22-23. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Week


Supporting reference material:

Observable calendars as documented by encyclopedia:

Some groups that keep observed calendars/feasts:


Calculated vs. Observed Times and Seasons - A response to John Ogwyn; Shawn Richardson - http://www.shawnrichardson.com/Calculation-vs-Observation.htm
Biblical Calendar of Observation vs. Calculation - A response to United Church of God; Shawn Richardson - http://www.shawnrichardson.com/ResponseUCOG.htm
Keeping God's Appointed Feasts; Shawn Richardson - http://www.shawnrichardson.com/KeepingGodsFestivals.htm
Testimony of Timekeeping Within Dual Torahs; Yavonne Hinton - http://www.shawnrichardson.com/TestimonyofTimekeeping.htm
Mathematical Bias and God's Ordained Calendar (Original Version) by Shawn Richardson

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